Kapqras sindromu

79

Psixoloji xəstəliklər sırasında çox nadir eşitdiyimiz, ancaq Avropa ölkələrində həm psixiatrların, həm də klinik psixoloqların rastlaşdığı bir neçə qəribə sindrom var. Bunlardan biri Kapqras sindorumudur (Capgras syndrome). Bu xəstəlik ilk dəfə 1923-cü ildə fransız psixiatr Kapqras tərəfindən sayıqlama pozuntusu olaraq qeydə alınıb və adətən bu sindrom paranoid şəxsiyyət pozuntusu ilə birgə özünü biruzə verir. Sindroma çox nadir rast gəlindiyindən, bu xəstəlik üzrə araşdırmalar bir o qədər də çox olmayıb. Ancaq əldə edilən məlumatlar əsasında xəstəliyin nevropsixoloji və psixoloji səbəbləri müəyyən edilib.

 

Sindromun təsviri…

Kapqras sindromu olan şəxslər xüsusi ilə emosianal əlaqə qurduqları şəxslərə, əşyalara ya da heyvanlara qarşı yadlaşma hissinin olması ilə tanınırlar. Şəxslərin üzlərini xatırlamaqlarına baxmayaraq, onlarla bağlı duyğuları xatırlaya bilmirlər. Məhz bu səbəbdən Kapqras sindromu olan şəxslər  tanıdıqları birini gördükdə “Görəsən, onun yerinə başqası keçib?” düşüncəsini yaşayırlar. Emosianal əlaqə qura bilmədiklərindən bu sindromu yaşayan şəxslər həmin tanıdıqları insanlardan qaçmağa, onlarla ünsiyyəti məhdudlaşdırmağa və özlərini qorumaq üçün müxtəlif vasitələrə əl atmağa çalışırlar. Beyinlərində həmin şəxslərin onlara ziyan verə biləcəyini və ya onlardan istifadə edəcəyi düşüncəsini yaşayırlar. Sindromu uzun müddət yaşayan şəxslərdə isə öz yaxınlarına qarşı aqressivləşmə, onlara qarşı müəyyən fiziki zərbənin yetirilməsi halları müşahidə edilib. Xəstələr çıxılmaz olduğunu düşündükləri vəziyyətlərdə isə intihara da cəhd edə bilirlər.

 

Kapqras sindromunun ən əsas xüsusiyyəti duyğu ilə görüntü arasındakı əlaqənin pozulmasıdır. Bu vəziyyət limbik sistem ilə görmə mərkəzi arasındakı sinir bağlantısının lazımı şəkildə olmamasından irəli gəlir. Kapqras sindromu olan şəxslər yaxınları ilə telefonda danışdıqları zaman həmin duyğunu yaşamaqlarına baxmayaraq, onları həyatda gördüklərində eyni duyğunu yaşaya bilmirlər.

 

Səbəbləri…

 

Beynin təpə payında (parietal lobe) hər hansı bir travma ya da şişlə bağlı yaranan dəyişikliklər Kapqras sindromunun səbəblərindən biri olaraq bilinir. Beynin həmin bölgəsi şəxslərin və ya digər canlıların tanınması, onların şəxs üçün hansı mənanı verməsi və onların oxşarlıqları arasında yaşanan duyğu fərqinin başa düşülməsinə səbəb olan bölgədir. Reallıq duyğusu bu şəkildə yaranır. Normal vəziyyətdə insanlar təkcə başqalarını, əşyaları yox, həm də öz mənliklərini, ya da bədənini bu bölgə sayəsində tanıyırlar.  Təpə payında yaranan hər hansı pozuntu zamanı travmanın dərinliyindən asılı olaraq sadalanan xüsusiyyətlərin hamısı ya da bir neçəsi deaktiv olduğuna görə xəstələr bəzi vəziyyətlərdə öz bədənlərini hiss edə bilmirlər. Bədən üzvlərinin özlərinə aid olmamasını belə düşünə bilirlər. Bu isə ayrılıqda asomatognozi termini ilə ifadə olunur.

 

Hətta bəzən təpə payında hər hansı travmanın və ya dəyişikliyin olmamasına baxmayaraq, şəxslər Kapqras sindromundan əziyyət çəkə bilərlər. Ambivalans duyğu pozuntusu (eyni şəxsə qarşı iki zidd duyğunun olması) da qıcıqlandırıcı səbəblərdən biri kimi bilinir. Xəstə çox yaxın biri ilə bağlı nifrət hissi yaşadığı zaman onun yaxın biri olduğundan bunu ona hiss etdirməməyə çalışır. Yaxın olan birinə belə nifrət hiss etdiyindən isə özünü daim günahlandırır.

 

Belə vəziyyətdə şüuraltı vəziyyətə müdaxilə edərək, bədənini pis təsirdən qorumaq üçün şəxsin qavrayışında müəyyən oyunlar oynamağa başlayır. Və həmin insan özü də fərqində olmadan nifrət etdiyi insanla arasında olan hər hansı əlaqənin yalan olduğunu düşünməyə başlayır. Onun yerinə başqasının keçdiyinə, onun yerindəkinin həmin insan olmadığına özünü inandırır. Adaptasiya və güvən problemləri ilə xarakterizə olunan paranoid vəziyyətlər də Kapqras sindromuna səbəb olan durumlardandır. Xəstəliyin başqa psixoloji pozuntularla bir yerdə rast gəlinmə ehtimalı, onun tək rast gəlinmə ehtimalından isə daha çoxdur…

 

Müəllif: Klinik Psixoloq Aysel İsgəndərli

Redaktə etdi: Şəfiqə Babayeva (25.11.2017)

Leave a Reply

79 Comments on "Kapqras sindromu"

Notify of
avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
trackback

[…] Kapgras sindorumu […]

look at here now
Guest

I just want to mention I am just all new to blogs and definitely enjoyed your blog. Likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have fabulous articles and reviews. Thanks a lot for sharing with us your website page.

+FayteCh North America
Guest

Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

Fashion
Guest

As soon as I found this website I went on reddit to share some of the love with them.

News
Guest

Some truly nice and useful information on this web site, likewise I think the style and design has superb features.

metRoclick!
Guest

MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

Emery EPS$
Guest

I really have to notify you that I am new to blogging and thoroughly adored your site. Most likely I am going to bookmark your blog post . You absolutely have memorable article blog posts. Be Thankful For it for telling with us your main site article

News
Guest

Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

John Deere Repair Manuals
Guest

Thanks for the great post on your blog, it really gives me an insight on this topic.*`,”`

Projektowanie Stron WWW Szczecin
Guest

Fantastic site. A lot of useful info here. I’m sending it to a few friends ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thank you for your effort!

Tworzenie Stron WWW Gorzow Wlkp
Guest

Just a smiling visitor here to share the love (:, btw outstanding style and design. “Better by far you should forget and smile than that you should remember and be sad.” by Christina Georgina Rossetti.

News
Guest

Whats up very nice web site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally…I am glad to seek out so many helpful information here within the put up, we’d like develop extra techniques on this regard, thanks for sharing.

News
Guest

It’s in reality a nice and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

John Deere Service Manuals
Guest

Can you add a Blackberry template? This page is difficult to read otherwise for those of us browsing with cell phones. Otherwise, if you can put a RSS link up, that would be great also.

Kindergeld 2018 Zmiany
Guest

Thanks, I have recently been looking for info about this topic for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve came upon till now. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you sure in regards to the supply?

business finance
Guest

You could definitely see your expertise in the paintings you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. Always go after your heart.

News
Guest

I do consider all of the ideas you’ve introduced in your post. They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Still, the posts are too brief for beginners. May you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

Allegro Maszyny Rolnicze Traktory
Guest

Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I am very glad to see such magnificent info being shared freely out there.

http://blogcabinca.org
Guest

Wow, fantastic weblog structure! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for? you made running a blog look easy. The overall look of your website is magnificent, as neatly as the content!

News
Guest

Generally I do not learn post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thanks, very great post.

health and fitness
Guest

I have been reading out some of your stories and i can claim pretty nice stuff. I will make sure to bookmark your website.

Home Improvement
Guest

Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Wonderful. I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your effort.

Cena Strony Internetowej
Guest

You are my aspiration , I possess few blogs and infrequently run out from to brand.

Home Improvement
Guest

Thanks, I’ve just been looking for info about this subject for a long time and yours is the best I have discovered so far. But, what in regards to the bottom line? Are you sure in regards to the supply?

Gartentore Aus Polen
Guest

Absolutely composed subject material , thankyou for selective information .

fashion shopping online
Guest

I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays..

zgrzewarka do rur wypozyczalnia
Guest

Hi my family member! I wish to say that this article is awesome, great written and include approximately all significant infos. I’d like to look more posts like this.

Home Improvement
Guest

Absolutely composed content , regards for selective information .

brandsfavor.com
Guest

Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is fantastic, as well as the content!

bhp odziez
Guest

you’re truly a just right webmaster. The web site loading speed is amazing. It sort of feels that you are doing any unique trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve performed a magnificent activity in this subject!

http://historicdowntownmocksville.com
Guest

You really make it appear so easy together with your presentation but I to find this topic to be really something that I believe I might by no means understand. It kind of feels too complex and extremely extensive for me. I am having a look ahead for your subsequent publish, I will try to get the hold of it!

crammonduk.com
Guest

You actually make it appear really easy together with your presentation however I to find this topic to be actually one thing that I feel I’d by no means understand. It kind of feels too complex and extremely large for me. I’m taking a look ahead in your subsequent submit, I will try to get the hang of it!

healthexpo2015.net
Guest

you’re really a excellent webmaster. The site loading pace is incredible. It seems that you are doing any unique trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a wonderful activity on this matter!

News
Guest

I have recently started a blog, the information you provide on this site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work. “Quit worrying about your health. It’ll go away.” by Robert Orben.

BeautySalon
Guest

Hi, Neat post. There is a problem together with your website in internet explorer, could check this¡K IE still is the market leader and a large portion of folks will leave out your great writing because of this problem.

ClimbingShoes
Guest

Great weblog here! Also your website so much up fast! What host are you the use of? Can I am getting your associate hyperlink for your host? I desire my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

Home Improvement
Guest

I truly enjoy looking at on this internet site, it has got wonderful articles. “The living is a species of the dead and not a very attractive one.” by Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.

Home Improvement
Guest

What i don’t understood is in reality how you’re not actually much more smartly-preferred than you might be now. You are very intelligent. You realize therefore significantly with regards to this subject, produced me personally imagine it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like women and men are not fascinated until it’s one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your personal stuffs excellent. Always handle it up!

PrivateEducation
Guest

You are a very bright individual!

Botki Lanqier Opinie
Guest

I like this post, enjoyed this one thankyou for putting up.

Health
Guest

certainly like your website but you need to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to inform the truth nevertheless I’ll certainly come back again.

BusinessCooperative
Guest

I have recently started a website, the info you offer on this website has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work.

ExecutiveEducation
Guest

I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here regularly. I’m quite sure I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

BusTours
Guest

Usually I don’t read post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thank you, very great post.

Obuv Mustang
Guest

Wonderful website. Plenty of helpful information here. I am sending it to some buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks in your sweat!

manufacturer
Guest

Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

rent
Guest

MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

Compare Cars
Guest

Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Extremely useful information specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this particular information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

Mens Fashion
Guest

You could definitely see your expertise in the work you write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. Always go after your heart.

Home Improvement
Guest

I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..