Həyatın var olduğu düşünülən planet

93
NASA astronomları, kosmik ətrafımızda, üzərində 100% həyat olduğunu düşündükləri və dünyaya nisbətən yaxın bir planet kəşf etdiklərini söylədilər. Gliese 581d ilə tanış olun. 


Gliese 581, təxminən 20 işıq ili uzaqlıqdadı, 
Tərəzi bürcü qrupu ulduzlarına aid, qırmızı bir cücə ulduzdur. Bir işıq ilinin 6 trilyon mil (10 trilyon km) olduğunu düşünsək, Gliese 581, milyardlarla ulduz içində Günəşə ən yaxın, bilinən 89’cu ulduzdur.

2005-ci ildə, astronomlar ulduzlarının orbitində altı exo-planet (Günəş sisteminin xaricindəki planet) kəşf etdi; bunlar Gliese b, c, d, f və g olaraq adlandırıldı. Bu planetləri müəyyən etmək üçün xüsusi bir yoldan istifadə edildi ki, bu da planetlərin bilavasitə teleskopla görünmədiyi mənasını verir: Astronomlar, vektorial sürət məlumatlarından istifadə etdilər. Bu metod, bir ulduzun ən kiçik hərəkətlərini belə xüsusi cihazlarlarla müşahidə edərək, orbitlərində dönən cisimlərin cazibə qüvvələri və ulduzları ətrafında dövr müddətləri sayəsində planetlərin kütlələrinin təyininə söykənir. 

Gliese 581d’nin çox isti olmayan, ancaq çox soyuq mühitə də sahib olmayan Goldilocks (Dünyaya bənzər iqlim şəraiti ola biləcək planetlərin qurşağı) bölgəsində olduğu müəyyən edildi; bu sahədə, həyatın meydana gəlməsi üçün ideal şərait var olduğu düşünülür. Hətta bəzi astronomlar bundan olduqca əmindir:

Şəxsən mən, həyatın Dünyada su olan hər yerdə olma meylini göz önünə alaraq, əlverişli şərait olduğu müddətdə də hər yerdə yarana biləcəyinə inanıram. Mənim şəxsi fikrim, bu planetdə həyat olma ehtimalının 100% olduğu istiqamətindədir” deyir California Universiteti astronomiya və astrofizika professoru Steven Vogt.

“Demək olar ki, heç şübhəm yoxdur”

Lakin bundan əmin ola bilərikmi? Belə ki, bir çox sözdə həyat ola biləcək planet kəşf edildi; amma sonradan çıxdaş olunduıar. Bu səbəblə, əhatəli müşahidələrin bu planeti də çıxdaş etməsi hələ ehtimal daxilindədir. Əslində, 2014-cü edilən bir iş, super-Dünya GJ 581d’nin var olmadığını və bunun əslində bir əməliyyat səhvi, süni bir səs və ya ulduzlararası bir fəaliyyət olduğunu iddia etmişdi. Lakin təkrarlanan analizlər, planetin interstellar dəyişkənliyə baxmayaraq həqiqətən var olduğuna işarə etmişdi.

Gliese 581d’nin kütləsinin Dünya’nınkından 6.98 dəfə və radiusunun da 2.2 dəfə çox olduğu deyilir. Planetin üzərində su saxlayan, maye okeanlara, oksigenli atmosferə və Yerdəkinə bənzər qitələrə sahib ola biləcək geniş səthli bir super-Dünya olduğu fərz edilir.

Müsahibəsində Robin Wordsworth, “Gliese sistemi, Dünyaya çox yaxın olması səbəbiylə bizlər üçün xüsusilə həyəcan vericidir. Gələcək nəsil teleskoplarla, birbaşa olaraq Gliese’de həyat olub olmadığını anlaya biləcəyik.” – deyə bildirib. Gliese 581d, yaxınlaşan James Webb Kosmos Teleskopu (JWST) göndərməsinin (2018) son hədəfi və bu layihədən əldə ediləcək nəticələrin exo-planetin atmosferi haqqındakı düşüncələrimizi kökündən dəyişdirəcəyi təxmin edilir.

JWST, Gliese 581d’nin atmosfer məlumatlarını əldə edərək, bu planetin maye halda su tapılacığını; yəni üzərində həyatın yarana biləcəyi şərtlərə sahib olub olmadığını anlamağa kömək olacaq. “Exo-planetləri tapmaq üçün istifadə etdiyimiz bu texnologiya gerçəkdir” deyə əlavə edir, astronavt və NASA Elm Heyəti Direktoru John Grunsfeld. Və davam edir, “James Webb Kosmos Teleskopu və gələcək irəliləyişlər bu an reallaşır. Bunlar xəyal deyil. Bizlər NASA’da bunu bacarırıq “


“Həyatımızı sonsuza qədər dəyişdirəcək bir kəşf ola bilər, bizlərin istifadə və imkanları daxilində”

Sadəcə bir an üçün həyata dair potensial işarələr tapdığımızı düşünün. Dünyanın yuxusundan oyanıb insanlığın kosmos zamandakı uzun yalquzaqlığının sona çatacağı bir an düşünün. Kainatda artıq yalnız olmadığımız ehtimalını xəyal edin. Kəşfindən bu yana, Dünyadan Gliese sisteminə Ukrayna Milli Kosmos Agentliyi RT-70 radar teleskopunu istifadə edərək (təxminən yarım milyon arasından seçilən) 500-dən çox mesaj göndərildi. Bu həqiqətən də həyat mövcud olan ən yaxın qonşumuz ola bilərmi? Yalnız 20 işıq ili uzaqlıqdadır. Əgər belədirsə, oradakı həyat şəraiti necədir? 

Washington Carnegie İnstitutundan astrobioloq Paul Butler’a görə, “Gliese 581g’de yadplanetli həyatı olub olmadığına dair hər hansı bir mübahisə, bu nöqtədə olduqca qondarma olardı. Lakin, Dünyada su tapdığınız hər yerdə həyat da taparsınız. Oxşar şəraitdə, bu qayda kainatdakı hər yerdə etibarlı olmalıdır; buna əgər maye su varsa Gliese 581g də daxildir. “

Mütəxəssislər, bu planetin xaricində kəşf edilməyi gözləyən və içində həyat olma potensialı saxlayan  milyonlarla planet olduğunu təxmin edir. Yaxın gələcəkdə Kainatın sərhədsiz genişliyində tək başımıza olmağımızın mümkün yoxsa qeyri-mümkün olduğunu bizə elm insanları deyəcək. 

Mənbə: cosmosup.com

Müəllif: Hikmət Həmdullayev

93 ŞƏRH

  1. I just want to tell you that I’m very new to blogging and definitely enjoyed your blog. Probably I’m planning to bookmark your blog post . You actually have outstanding articles. Thanks a bunch for sharing with us your website page.

  2. I simply want to mention I am just very new to blogging and site-building and actually liked your blog. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You absolutely come with tremendous posts. Thank you for revealing your web page.

  3. hello!,I love your writing very much! percentage we keep in touch more approximately your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this area to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Having a look ahead to look you.

  4. I just wish to tell you that I am new to writing and completely cherished your review. Very likely I am prone to bookmark your blog post . You truly have amazing article blog posts. Delight In it for share-out with us the best website write-up

  5. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  6. A person necessarily help to make critically posts I might state. This is the first time I frequented your website page and to this point? I surprised with the research you made to create this particular publish amazing. Excellent process!

  7. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  8. I have recently started a site, the information you provide on this web site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work. “Marriage love, honor, and negotiate.” by Joe Moore.

  9. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my website so i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to improve my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  10. Keep up the fantastic work , I read few blog posts on this website and I believe that your site is very interesting and has circles of great info .

  11. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite sure I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  12. Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your web-site is very cool. I’m impressed by the details that you¡¦ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come across. What a great site.

  13. I simply couldn’t go away your website before suggesting that I really enjoyed the usual info a person provide to your visitors? Is gonna be again frequently in order to inspect new posts.

  14. Keep up the excellent piece of work, I read few blog posts on this website and I conceive that your blog is very interesting and contains circles of great info .

  15. I do consider all of the ideas you have offered to your post. They’re very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too brief for novices. Could you please prolong them a little from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  16. I intended to send you the bit of remark just to thank you very much again about the marvelous secrets you’ve provided above. It has been surprisingly open-handed with people like you in giving extensively just what many people could have made available as an e-book to get some money for themselves, principally considering that you might well have tried it if you desired. These principles in addition served to be a fantastic way to be sure that other individuals have the same eagerness the same as my personal own to learn way more on the topic of this issue. I know there are some more fun situations ahead for people who see your website.

  17. Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily brilliant possiblity to discover important secrets from here. It’s usually very terrific and packed with amusement for me and my office acquaintances to search your blog minimum 3 times in a week to study the latest items you have got. And indeed, I’m always pleased with all the mind-boggling tricks you give. Certain 2 tips on this page are truly the most effective we have all had.

  18. I genuinely enjoy reading on this website , it has excellent posts . “He who sees the truth, let him proclaim it, without asking who is for it or who is against it.” by Henry George.

  19. I¡¦ve been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website. Studying this information So i¡¦m satisfied to express that I have a very excellent uncanny feeling I found out exactly what I needed. I so much indisputably will make certain to do not forget this website and give it a look on a continuing basis.

  20. I keep listening to the newscast talk about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i get some?

  21. What i do not realize is in truth how you’re now not actually a lot more well-liked than you may be now. You’re very intelligent. You already know therefore significantly with regards to this subject, made me in my opinion imagine it from numerous numerous angles. Its like women and men aren’t involved until it is one thing to do with Girl gaga! Your personal stuffs excellent. Always maintain it up!

  22. Whats Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It absolutely helpful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to contribute & aid different users like its helped me. Good job.

  23. Wonderful website. Lots of useful info here. I’m sending it to a few friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And certainly, thanks on your effort!

  24. I do consider all of the concepts you have introduced in your post. They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very short for novices. Could you please prolong them a little from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  25. Generally I don’t read post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice post.

  26. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  27. I have been browsing on-line greater than three hours lately, but I never found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It¡¦s pretty value enough for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the net will probably be a lot more useful than ever before.

  28. I got what you intend, thankyou for putting up.Woh I am glad to find this website through google. “Being intelligent is not a felony, but most societies evaluate it as at least a misdemeanor.” by Lazarus Long.

  29. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  30. Usually I do not read article on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to try and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thank you, very great post.

  31. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  32. I got what you mean , appreciate it for putting up.Woh I am pleased to find this website through google. “Since the Exodus, freedom has always spoken with a Hebrew accent.” by Heinrich Heine.

  33. What i don’t realize is in reality how you are no longer actually much more smartly-favored than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You realize therefore considerably in terms of this matter, made me in my opinion consider it from so many various angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be interested unless it¡¦s something to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. All the time take care of it up!

  34. I’m really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  35. Thanks , I have recently been looking for info approximately this topic for a while and yours is the greatest I have discovered so far. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain about the supply?

  36. I merely hope to inform you that I am new to wordpress blogging and incredibly enjoyed your information. More than likely I am going to save your blog post . You definitely have memorable article material. Acknowledge it for giving out with us your very own internet document

  37. Heya there, just got conscious of your web page through yahoo, and realized that it’s quite informational. I’ll be grateful if you decide to maintain this idea.

  38. Normally I do not learn post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do it! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thanks, very great post.

  39. I got what you mean , regards for posting .Woh I am delighted to find this website through google. “If one does not know to which port one is sailing, no wind is favorable.” by Seneca.

  40. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  41. I’m really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays..

  42. Just desire to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your post is just great and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  43. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  44. Thanks for some other informative website. Where else may just I get that kind of information written in such a perfect way? I have a undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  45. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  46. You can certainly see your enthusiasm within the paintings you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart. “He never is alone that is accompanied with noble thoughts.” by Fletcher.

  47. I haven¡¦t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  48. Wow! This can be one particular of the most helpful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Wonderful. I’m also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  49. I am writing to make you understand of the cool discovery my wife’s daughter found reading your site. She mastered a wide variety of issues, most notably what it is like to have an awesome teaching nature to have other people clearly understand various advanced topics. You undoubtedly did more than her desires. I appreciate you for churning out these useful, healthy, informative and in addition easy tips on your topic to Evelyn.

  50. I genuinely enjoy examining on this internet site, it holds great articles. “Don’t put too fine a point to your wit for fear it should get blunted.” by Miguel de Cervantes.

  51. Its great as your other posts : D, thankyou for putting up. “The real hero is always a hero by mistake he dreams of being an honest coward like everybody else.” by Umberto Eco.

  52. I do agree with all the concepts you’ve introduced for your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are very brief for starters. May just you please prolong them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  53. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  54. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while people think about worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  55. Great goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just too fantastic. I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you are stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it smart. I cant wait to read much more from you. This is really a tremendous site.

  56. I have to express thanks to this writer for bailing me out of such a setting. After researching through the world wide web and finding concepts that were not helpful, I assumed my life was well over. Existing without the answers to the issues you have fixed as a result of your entire post is a serious case, and the kind that might have badly affected my entire career if I had not come across your blog post. Your own natural talent and kindness in playing with every item was invaluable. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a subject like this. I can at this point look forward to my future. Thanks so much for this professional and results-oriented help. I will not think twice to endorse your web blog to any individual who needs and wants care about this issue.

  57. I got what you intend, regards for posting .Woh I am pleased to find this website through google. “Do not be too timid and squeamish about your actions. All life is an experiment.” by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

CAVAB YAZ

Zəhmət olmasa şərhinizi daxil edin!
Zəhmət olmasa adınızı buraya daxil edin