İnsanın təkamül tarixi haqqında bir necə məlumat

148

Homo sapiens təxminən 150-200 min il əvvəl Afrikada təkamül etdi, lakin bir növ olaraq hekayəmiz daha çox keçmişə, erkən insan atalarına qədər gedir. Və Homo sapiensin təkamülü, kompleks bir hekayə olub bütünlüklə cavablanmayan suallardan ibarət ailə melodramıdır. Burda, insan təkamülünün hekayəsi haqqında bəlkə bilmədiyiniz bir neçə gerçək var.

 

1.İlk insanlar təxminən 2 milyon il əvvəl də Afrikadan köç etmişdir.

Çoxumuz, Homo sapienslərin təxminən 80.000 il əvvəl Afrikadan Avropa və Asiyaya doğru köç etməyə başladıqları hekayəsini eşitmişik. Fərqində olmadığımız şey isə atalarımız olan Homo erectusun təxminən 2 milyon il əvvəl (Gürcüstandakı Dmanisi fosilləri 1,81 milyon ildən əvvəlinə tarixləndirilib) Afrikanın xaricinə çıxmaq üçün eyni dəstəni təqib etmiş olmasıdır. Əslində Homo sapienler Afrikadan ayrıldığı zaman, özlərinə çox bənzəyən digər insanlarla qarşılaşmışlar. Bunlar, Homo erectusun nəvələriylə birlikdə Neandertallar ilə paylaşdığımız ortaq atamızın nəvələri olmalıdırlar. Bütün bu insanlar yüz minlərlə il Avrasiyada gəzib dolaşmışdılar.

 

 

2.Bir parçanız Neandertal ola bilər.

Bu artıq məşhur olaraq bilinir, lakin yeniləməkdə fayda var. Neandertal sümüklərinin son analizləri, mövcud olan bəzi Neandertal genlərinin müasir Afrikalı olmayan cəmiyyətlər içində yol aldığını ortaya qoymuşdur. Bu, Cro-Magnonlar Avropa, Yaxın Şərq və Asiyaya girdikləri zaman yerli Neandertal əhalisiylə uşaq sahibi olduqları fikrini ağla gətirir. Hamımız xoşbəxt bir insan ailəsiyik.

 

 

3.İnsanların sayı təxminən 80.000 il əvvəl azaldı.

Təxminən 80.000 əvvəl əsrarəngiz bir şey oldu və insanlığın təsirli əhali böyüklüyü azaldı. Xatırlasanız, təsirli əhali böyüklüyü aktual əhali böyüklüyü ilə eyni şey deyil – bir genetik müxtəliflik ölçüsüdür. Buna görə də əsasən, genetik müxtəlifliyimiz 80.000 il əvvəl azaldı. Bunun niyə reallaşmış ola biləcəyi haqqında, Toba vulkanizmasının partlamasının səbəb olduğu bir qiyamət fəlakətindən, kiçik əhalilər arasında hibridləşmə kimi daha sıravi bir şeyə qədər dəyişən bir çox nəzəriyyə var.

 

 

4.Homo Sapienslər ən az 50.000 illik bir mədəniyyətə sahib idi.

50.000 il əvvəl meydana gələn bütün fövqəladə şeylər haqqında danışdığımız sırada bir çox antropoloqun bu dövürlərdə erkən insanların ehtimalla bu zamana qədər mədəniyyət olaraq tanıyacağımız bir şey inkişaf etdirməklərinə inandıqlarını ifadə etməyə dəyər. Hamımızın təxminən 200-150.000 il əvvəl yaşayan bir Şərqi Afrika qadınının nəslindən gəldiyimizi idda edən “Mitoxondriyal Həvva” nəzəriyyəsini gözlərimizin önünə gətirsək bu möhtəşəmdir. Mitoxondriyal Həvva zamanı ətrafındakı təkamülləşən Homo sapiens növün ələ alsaq, növümüz tərəfindən inkişaf etdirilən sənət, simvolik ünsiyyət, bəzək əşyaları və əyləncəli sümük alətlər kimi möcüzə şeylər uzun zaman əvvələ dayanır. Qəti olaraq, mədəniyyətdən əvvəllər insanlar olduqca təcrübəli vasitələrə  və atəşə sahib idilər, ancaq bizlər “mədəniyyət” dediyimiz bu şeyin kənar daşları olan sənət və simvolik ünsiyyətə sahib olduğumuzun çox az dəlili əlimizdə mövcuddur. Bəzi Antropoloqlar bu mədəniyyət partlamasına qədər dili belə icad etmədiyimizə inanırlar, lakin bunun əksi istiqamətində dəlillər də mövcuddur.

 

 

5.Homo sapienslər odu daim bir vasitə olaraq istifadə etmişlər.

Homo sapienslər, atalarımızın odu nəzarət altına almağından və alətlər yaratmağa başlamasından sonra ortaya çıxdılar. Bu qulağa sadə kimi gəlir, lakin haqında düşünməyə başladığımız zaman təsirləri dərindir. Bir növ olaraq bizlər bir mədəniyyət inşa etmək üçün ən əhəmiyyətli vasitələrdən biri olmasaydı əsla var ola bilməzdik, əldə edilmiş od. Bir növ olaraq bizlər alət istifadəçiləri və od yandıranlar olaraq doğmdıq. Hətta növümüzü hər zaman süni olaraq əldə edilən od və alətıərin yaratmaqla çoxaltmışıq.

 

 

6.Homo sapiens hələ də sürətli bir şəkildə təkamül edir.

Hər kəs üçün yaxşı xəbər! Homo sapiens hələ təkamül edir və bir gün soyumuz, bizim Homo erectustan fərqləndiyimiz kimi bizlərdən fərqli olacaq. Təkamül bioloqları, sürətli bir seçim altındakı insan genomunun bir neçə sahəsini təcrid etdilər. Bu, genlərdəki mutasiyaların əhali daxilində sürətlə yayıldığı mənasını verir. Bu mutasiyalardan bir çoxu beyin həcmi və inkişafıyla əlaqəlidir və digərləri (süd məhsulları kimi) qidaların müəyyən növlərini xoş görmək qabiliyyətimizi və xəstəliklərə dirənməyi yerinə yetirmək məcburiyyətindədir. Bu, bəzi bioloqların daha ağıllı olmaq üçün təkamül etməyimizə heyrət etmələrinə gətirib çıxarmışdır, lakin zəka ilə əlaqəsinin olduğunu gördüyümüz təkamül dəyişikliklər hələ dəqiq deyil – xüsusilə əslində beynimizin kiçilməkdə olmasından ötəri. Yenə də hələ təkamül keçirən və mənim favoritim olan anatomik sistemlərdən birinə nəzarət edən bu genləri bilmək gözəldi.

Leave a Reply

148 Comments on "İnsanın təkamül tarixi haqqında bir necə məlumat"

Notify of
avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
go to website
Guest

I just want to say I am just beginner to blogs and definitely savored you’re web page. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your blog . You really have excellent stories. Kudos for sharing your blog.

navigate to this web-site
Guest

I just want to say I am newbie to blogging and site-building and definitely liked you’re website. Very likely I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You certainly come with outstanding articles and reviews. Kudos for revealing your web site.

more info here
Guest

I just want to mention I am just all new to weblog and really loved this website. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You really come with excellent articles and reviews. Many thanks for revealing your blog.

Metroclick+
Guest

MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

metroclick:
Guest

MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

Fashion
Guest

Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Fantastic. I am also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your hard work.

Fashion
Guest

Hi my loved one! I want to say that this article is awesome, nice written and include almost all significant infos. I’d like to peer more posts like this.

+Emery EPS
Guest

I really need to tell you that I am new to wordpress blogging and very much cherished your review. More than likely I am likely to bookmark your blog post . You literally have outstanding article content. Appreciate it for expressing with us your own url article

FaytEch North America$
Guest

Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

EmerY EPS@
Guest

I merely need to notify you that I am new to blogging and utterly cherished your report. Likely I am probably to store your blog post . You seriously have amazing article information. Delight In it for discussing with us your current domain article

News
Guest

I will right away seize your rss as I can’t in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please allow me recognize in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

$Faytech North AmeriCa
Guest

Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

News
Guest

You are my inspiration , I possess few web logs and occasionally run out from to brand.I think this internet site has got some real excellent info for everyone. “Je veux que les paysans mettent la poule au pot tous les dimanches.” by King Henry IV of France.

News
Guest

Hello my family member! I wish to say that this post is amazing, nice written and come with almost all important infos. I’d like to peer extra posts like this.

John Deere Service Manuals
Guest

Hi are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Stron
Guest

Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What a perfect web site.

Pozycjonowanie Stron WWW Wroclaw
Guest

I have not checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

John Deere Diagnostic and Test Manuals
Guest

Nowhere on the Internet is there this much quality and clear information on this subject. How do I know? I know because I’ve searched this topic at length. Thank you.

Tworzenie Stron WWW Gorzow
Guest

I truly enjoy reading on this internet site , it has got good posts . “The great secret of power is never to will to do more than you can accomplish.” by Henrik Ibsen.

Gorzow Wlkp
Guest

Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Great. I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

News
Guest

Keep up the great work , I read few articles on this site and I think that your site is rattling interesting and has got bands of fantastic info .

News
Guest

Wonderful website. Lots of helpful info here. I am sending it to several pals ans also sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you to your sweat!

Pozycjonowanie Stron Internetowych Gorzow
Guest

Only wanna comment that you have a very decent internet site , I the design and style it really stands out.

News
Guest

Keep up the fantastic work , I read few content on this internet site and I conceive that your web site is really interesting and has got circles of superb information.

News
Guest

Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

Kindergeld
Guest

I do trust all of the ideas you have presented to your post. They’re very convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are too short for beginners. May just you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

Zwrot Podatku z Zagranicy Forum
Guest

Some truly prime blog posts on this internet site , saved to bookmarks .

Fashion
Guest

Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Wonderful. I am also a specialist in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

Fashion
Guest

You have observed very interesting points ! ps decent website . “Where can I find a man governed by reason instead of habits and urges” by Kahlil Gibran.

John Deere Service Manuals
Guest

When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and today when a comment is added I purchase four emails with the same comment. Possibly there is that is you’ll be able to get rid of me from that service? Thanks!

John Deere Diagnostic and Test Manuals
Guest

I believe this web site contains very superb composed articles posts .

online electronics store
Guest

great issues altogether, you simply received a emblem new reader. What would you recommend about your put up that you just made a few days in the past? Any sure?

home repair
Guest
I would like to show some thanks to you just for bailing me out of this matter. Just after looking out through the world wide web and coming across opinions which are not powerful, I assumed my entire life was gone. Living devoid of the solutions to the problems you have solved by means of this guideline is a critical case, and the ones that could have adversely damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed your site. Your main competence and kindness in maneuvering almost everything was helpful. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not… Read more »
cheap plane tickets
Guest

You really make it seem so easy with your presentation however I find this topic to be really one thing which I think I might never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and very extensive for me. I’m having a look ahead to your subsequent put up, I will attempt to get the hang of it!

kitchen ideas
Guest

You are a very bright person!

News
Guest

You have brought up a very wonderful details , regards for the post.

News
Guest

I got what you mean , thankyou for putting up.Woh I am thankful to find this website through google. “Money is the most egalitarian force in society. It confers power on whoever holds it.” by Roger Starr.

Maszyny OLX
Guest

Thanks, I’ve recently been looking for information about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve found out so far. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain about the source?

Ciagniki Maszyny Rolnicze
Guest

of course like your web-site however you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to tell the reality on the other hand I will definitely come back again.

News
Guest

Hello my family member! I wish to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include approximately all significant infos. I would like to see extra posts like this.

http://bestresearchpapers.net
Guest
My husband and i were really thankful when Jordan managed to carry out his investigation out of the ideas he discovered out of your blog. It is now and again perplexing to simply choose to be handing out points which usually the others could have been trying to sell. And we acknowledge we now have the blog owner to appreciate for that. The specific explanations you’ve made, the simple website menu, the relationships you will make it easier to instill – it’s got everything extraordinary, and it’s letting our son in addition to us understand that content is entertaining, which… Read more »
http://aoflibrary.net
Guest

I have been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thanks , I¡¦ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your web site?

http://aoflibrary.net
Guest

I¡¦ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or weblog posts in this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this info So i am glad to express that I’ve a very just right uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I such a lot unquestionably will make certain to do not omit this website and give it a look regularly.

bestresearchpapers.net
Guest

Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

News
Guest

I have been surfing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

health news
Guest
Needed to put you this little observation just to say thanks the moment again for all the marvelous information you’ve discussed on this page. It’s simply tremendously open-handed with people like you giving publicly what many people could possibly have offered for sale for an e-book in order to make some profit for their own end, primarily considering the fact that you could possibly have tried it if you ever wanted. Those good ideas likewise served to be the fantastic way to know that other people have the identical keenness just as my personal own to find out many more… Read more »
Home Improvement
Guest

Great write-up, I am regular visitor of one’s site, maintain up the excellent operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

Google SEO
Guest

Hi, Neat post. There’s an issue with your web site in internet explorer, may test this… IE nonetheless is the market chief and a huge part of people will omit your great writing due to this problem.

Wyszukiwanie Na Stronie
Guest

you are really a excellent webmaster. The website loading pace is incredible. It kind of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a excellent activity on this matter!

Home Improvement
Guest

You are my intake , I possess few web logs and sometimes run out from to brand.