Sədaqət yoxsa oksitosin?

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İnsan əldə edə bilmədiyi hər şeyin dəlisi, əldə etdiyi hər şeyin nankorudur. (Neruda)

Sədaqət anlayışının kökündə Oksitosin hormonları var. Oksitosinin bir başqa adı da qucaqlamaq hormonudu. Əgər, bir adam sizi və ya bir başqasını ürəkdən qucaqlayırsa, bilin ki o adamın beynindəki oksitosin hormonu və bunu qəbul edən reseptorlar daha çoxdur. Oksitosinin beyindəki rolu ilə əlaqədar yol açan araşdırma Maryland Universitetində mütəxəsis olan C. Sue Carter tərəfindən reallaşdırılmışdır. Carter, bir-birlərinə çox yaxın olub ilk növbədə çoxalma baxımından fərqliliklər sərgiləyən iki siçan növünü- “tarla siçanı” ilə “dağ siçanını” araşdırdı. Tarla siçanları törəmək üçün yoldaşları ilə uzun müddətli əlaqələr qurduğu halda, dağ siçanları qarşılarına çıxanlarla çütləşirdilər və erkək (kişi dağ siçanları) balaların böyüdülməsində iştirak etmirdi.

 

Carter bu iki növün fərqli davranışlar sərgiləməsinə yol açan əsl səbəbin oksitosin olduğunu kəşf etdi. Dişi tarla siçanlarının beyinlərindəki həzz mərkəzlərində çox sayda oksitosin reseptorları olduğu halda, erkəklərdə bol miqdarda oksitosinlə birlikdə onunla yaxından əlaqəli olan vasopressin reseptorları da var idi. Halbuki dağ siçanlarında həm oksitosin, həm də vasopressin reseptorlarının sayı çox aşağı idi.

 

Tarla siçanlarında bu reseptorların funksiyası sıradan çıxdığına görə normal cütləşmə müddəti gerçəkləşdirə bilmir. Başqa bir sözlə erkək tarla siçanlarının beyninə aşılanan kimyəvilərlə, oksitosini qəbul edərək çütləşməyi və eyni zamanda erkək tarla siçanının dişisinin yanında qalıb sədaqət göstərmə müddəti də iflasa uğrayırdı. O zaman erkək tarla siçanının yoldaşına sadiq qalaraq daha yaxşı bir siçan olmasının səbəbi kimyəvidir.

 

Erkək tarla siçanını dağ siçanına görə daha çox təqdir etmişsiniz lakin bu sədaqəti təmin edən əslində oksitosin olduğunu anlayınca erkek tarla siçanının bu məsuliyyət anlayışı da sizin nəzərinizdə dəyəri itirmi?

 

Nəticə budur ki, normal həyatta erkək tarla siçanları, erkək dağ siçanlarına görə yoldaşlarına daha sadiqdirlər. Belə olan halda “sadiqlik” dediyimiz bu anlayışda düşüncələrəmizə yer yoxdurmu? Çünki tarla siçanındakı bu sədaqət hərəkəti, düşüncəsinin bir nəticəsi deyil. Belə olsaydı onların da düşündüyünü deyərdik. Yaxşı, bu mövzunu insanlara gətirdiyimiz zaman “sədaqət” ilə əlaqədar məsuliyyəti kimə yükləməyi düşünürsünüz? Düşünən beyninizə yoxsa oksitosinə? Oksitosin və onu qavrayacaq reseptorlar az, yoldaşınız isə eşqbaz olarsa məsuliyyəti özümü yoxsa onu sədaqət mövzusunda düşünməyə itələyən oksitosinin azlığıdırmı? Sizcə günahkar və ya məsuliyyət kimdədir?

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