Fotonlar üçün zaman qavramı yoxdur

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Əgər siz bir işıq fotonu olsaydınız zamanın sizin üçün heç bir mənası olmayacaqdı. Sizə var olan hər şey, bir anda var olurmuş kimi gələcək.

 

Deyək ki, 5 milyard işıq ili uzaqlıqda olan bir ulduzdan çıxan bir fotonsunuz. Mənə görə sizin gözümə gəlib çatmağınız tam 5 milyard il davam etmişdir. Çünki o ulduzdan çıxıb mənim gözümüzün retinasına düşməyiniz üçün 5 milyard il ərzində yol gələrək o məsafəni qət etmək məcburiyyətindəsiniz. Digər tərəfdən bir foton olaraq sizin gözünüzdə işlər başqadır, siz bir anlığına ulduzda var oldunuz və eyni an içərisində də mənim gözlərimin içinə çatdınız. Heç bir zaman keçmədi, ulduzda doğub mənim gözlərimdə ölümünüz eyni anda oldu.

 

Bu necə ola bilər?

Bunun səbəbi, işıq sürətinə yaxınlaşdıqca zamanın yavaşlaması və nəhayət tam işıq sürətinə çatdığınız an zamanın dayanmasıdır. Təbii ki, diqqət edilməsi lazım olan şey müşahidəçinin gözlərində belə olmasıdır. Yəni bir foton üçün zamanın olmaması, bizim üçün zamanın var olmadığı mənasını vermir. Zaman var, çünki biz kütləli cisimlərik və işıq sürətində hərəkət etmirik. Bunları edə bilsəydik o zaman siz və ya biz olmaz, “foton” olardıq. Fotonların nəhəng quruluşda olmamasının, nəhəng cisimlərin isə foton kimi hərəkət edə bilməməsinin səbəblərindən biri də budur. Beləcə müşahidəçilərə görə hər şeyin dəyişkən olmasından ötəri Albert Eynşteyinin o məşhur nəzəriyyəsi “nisbilik” adını almışdır.

 

Albert Eyinşteyin nisbiliyi formalaşdırmaq üçün kainatı bir fotonun gözlərindən görməyə çalışıb. Eynşteyin düşündü ki, işlər bir fotonun gözündə çox fərqli olacaq. İşıq sürətinə yaxınlaşınca zamanın yavaşlaması və nəhayət dayanması, heç bir şeyin işıq sürətini aşa bilməyəcəyinin digər səbəbidir. Çünki işıq sürətinə çatdıqdan sonra daha çox sürətlənməyə çalışmaq məntiq səhvlər yaratmağa başlayır. Zaman dayandıqdan sonra daha çox yavaşlaya bilməzsən. Bu vəziyyət, bir maşını yavaşladıb tamamilə saxladıqdan sonra daha da yavaşlatmaq işinə bənzəyir. Dayandıqdan sonra maaşının tormuzuna nə qədər bassanız da dayandıqdan sonra “daha da” yavaşlamağınız mümkün deyil. Bütün bunları qəbul etmək üçün işığı “sonsuz sürətdə gedir” kimi düşünməlisiniz. Çünki əks halda insan istər istəməz işıq sürətini “hər hansı bir digər məhdud sürət” kimi düşünə bilər ki, buda tamamilə səhvdir.

 

İşığın sürəti, yalnız ona xaricdən baxan bir müşahidəçi üçün məhduddur. Siz o “xaricdən baxan müşahidəçi” olduğunuz üçün işığın məhdud bir sürəti olduğunu görərsiniz. Ancaq fotonun gözlərindən baxacaq olsanız, özünüzü sonsuz bir sürətdə hərəkət etdiyini görəcəksiniz. Bu vəziyyət bizə maraqlı bir həqiqəti verir: əgər ki, fotonlar kimi sonsuz sürətdə gedə bilsəniz, kainat içərisindəki hər hansı bir nöqtədən, hər hansı bir digər nöqtəyə tam olaraq 0 (sıfır) saniyədə çata bilərsiniz.

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