Meymunlar Niyə danışa bilmir?

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Meymunlar və quyruqsuz meymunlar (insaymunlar), yeni səslər çıxarmağı öyrənə bilmirlər. İllər boyunca buna qırtlaq, dil və dodaqdan ibarət vokal anatomiyalarındakı məhdudiyyətlərin səbəb olduğu düşünülürdü.

 

Ancaq Vyana Universitetindəki Tecumseh Fitch və Prinston Universitetindən Asif Qəzənfərin liderliyindəki beynəlxalq bir qrup, meymunların səs yollarını X-şüalarıyla araşdırmış və əvvəllər düşünüləndən daha elastik olduqlarını kəşf etmişdir. Çalışma, insan xaricindəki primatların danışmasına maneə törədən məhdudiyyətlərin, vokal anatomiyalarından çox beyinlərində olduğunu ortaya qoyur.

 

Elm adamları, makak meymunlarının ağız və boğaz içini səs çıxararkən, yemək yeyərkən və üz ifadələri edərkən x-şüası video ilə müşahidə etdilər. Daha sonra, bu x-şüalarını bir meymun səs yolunun kompüter modelini yaratmaq üçün istifadə edtdilər və əgər insan beynini özü idare etsəydi meymun nitqi necə bir şey olardı?” sualına cavab tapa bildilər. Meymunların asanlıqla minlərlə ayrı söz çıxara biləcək qədər fərqli səslər çıxara biləcəyini göstərdilər. Sintezlənən meymun danışmasının bir nümunəsini (“Mənimlə evlənərsənmi?” Cümləsinin İngilizcesini) bura vuraraq, digər nümunəsini (” yeni ilin mübarək” cümləsinin Fransızcasını) bura vuraraq  dinləyə bilərsiniz.

 

Bu, danışılan dilin sadə bir formasının, vokal anatomik hər hansı bir dəyişiklik tələb etmədən insan təkamülünün hər hansı bir mərhələsində təkamül edə biləcəyini göstərir.

 

Mənbə; sciencedaily

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