Platonun incəsənət düşmənçiliyi

83

Platon filosofun həyatdakı əsas məqsədinin nəsnələrin səthini keçərək altdaki həqiqətə nüfuz etmək olduğuna inanırdı. Bunu bir növ zehni mistisizm olaraq başa düşmək olar; çünki bu içində ruhun onsuz da var olduğu və əbədiyyən var olmağa davam edəcəyi İdealar Dünyasını zehni nöqteyi-nəzərdən qavramaq mənasına gəlir. Bu mənada belə bir qavrayışı əldə etmə prosesi, -filosofun elədiyi şey mövzusunda Sokratın (Socrates) Phaidon da oxuduğumuz sözləri ilə- bir növ ölüm sınağıdır.

Bunu əldə etmək üçün insanın özünü hissi aləmi təşkil edən keçici şeylərin içini və arxasını görməsi və özünü hissi aləmin cazibələrindən və şirin illuziyalarından təmizlənməsi lazımdır. Platonu incəsənətə düşmənçiliyə sövq edən şey bu lazimədir. Platona görə incəsənət sadəcə təmsil etmədən ibarətdir və əsas olaraq hisslərə təsir edir; və əlbəttə incəsənət nə qədər çox gözəl olarsa bu təsirin də o qədər güclü olması labüddür. Ona görə də sənət əsərləri iki dəfə aldadıcıdır; çünki aldadıcı surətlərin aldadıcı surətləridirlər. Bu dünyanın keçici şeylərini saxta bir parıltı ilə təqdim edir, onlara duyduğumuz emosional bağlılığı gücləndirirlər; beləliklə hissi aləmin aldadıcı səthinin üstündəki zaman xarici və hissi olmayan reallığa yüksəlmək olan həqiqi vəzifəmizdən bizi saxlayırlar. Buna görə də ruhumuz üçün təhlükə ərz edirlər. İdeal cəmiyyətdə bunlara izn verilməyəcəkdir. Platonun bu təlimi o dövrdən etibarən incəsənəti qadağan edən və ya nəzarət etmək istəyən insanlara əsas təşkil etmişdir.

Platona görə fərd bir birilə mübarizə içərisində olan üç ünsürdən mütəşəkkildir: Ehtiras, əql və iradə. Kontrolun iradə vasitəsilə ehtirasları idarə edən əqldə olmağı əsasdır. Buna əsaslanaraq fərdlərə biçdiyi bu dəyərdən bir toplum modeli əldə etmişdir. Platonun ideal toplumunda “köməkçilər” adını verdiyi vasitə, bir polis sinifi, bütün bir toplumun mühafizəçiləri sifətiylə hərəkət edəcək olan fəlsəfi şüurlu bir idarəçi sinifin idarəsində kütlələri nizam içində saxlayacaqdır. Belə ifadə olunanda, təsəvvür edilən nəanənin 20. əsrin kommunist toplumlarından bir fərqi yoxmuş kimi görünməkdədir. Həqiqətən də Platonun siyasi fikirlərinin əsrlər boyunca ən az 20. əsri formalaşdıran solçu və sağçı ütopik totalitar fəlsəfələr qədər geniş bir təsir yaratması danılmaz bir həqiqətdir.

 

Müəllif: Cavidan Rza

Redaktə: Turqut Ağayev

Leave a Reply

83 Comments on "Platonun incəsənət düşmənçiliyi"

Notify of
avatar
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
find here
Guest

I just want to say I’m beginner to weblog and truly savored this web page. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your site . You actually come with remarkable posts. Many thanks for sharing your webpage.

$FaytEch North America
Guest

Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

Fashion
Guest

Simply wanna state that this is invaluable , Thanks for taking your time to write this.

News
Guest

Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem along with your website in web explorer, may test this… IE still is the marketplace leader and a large element of other people will omit your excellent writing because of this problem.

Metroclick
Guest

MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

EMERY EPS"
Guest

I simply intend to inform you that I am new to putting up a blog and pretty much valued your article. Quite possibly I am prone to remember your blog post . You simply have superb article blog posts. Acknowledge it for discussing with us your favorite internet site post

News
Guest

Very interesting subject, appreciate it for putting up.

John Deere Technical Manuals
Guest

Personality is a person among persons. There is no personality of one man on a desert island. (Kilpatrick)

Pozycjonowanie Stron Google
Guest

Only wanna input on few general things, The website design is perfect, the subject material is real excellent. “In business school classrooms they construct wonderful models of a nonworld.” by Peter Drucker.

Tworzenie Stron Internetowych Gorzow
Guest

Dead indited subject material, appreciate it for selective information. “The bravest thing you can do when you are not brave is to profess courage and act accordingly.” by Corra Harris.

News
Guest

Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is great blog. A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

News
Guest

I conceive this site has got some real fantastic information for everyone :D. “America is not merely a nation but a nation of nations.” by Lyndon B. Johnson.

News
Guest

Normally I do not learn post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice article.

KDF
Guest

You are my aspiration, I possess few blogs and occasionally run out from post :). “‘Tis the most tender part of love, each other to forgive.” by John Sheffield.

Fashion
Guest

I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one today..

improvements
Guest

Awsome info and straight to the point. I don’t know if this is really the best place to ask but do you folks have any ideea where to hire some professional writers? Thanks in advance 🙂

News
Guest

Thank you for your entire hard work on this web site. My mother enjoys setting aside time for investigation and it’s obvious why. My partner and i hear all concerning the dynamic medium you provide both interesting and useful tips and tricks through the blog and even recommend participation from the others about this area of interest plus our own princess has been becoming educated so much. Enjoy the rest of the new year. Your conducting a superb job.

News
Guest

I like the efforts you have put in this, regards for all the great articles.

WWW Maszyny Rolnicze
Guest

I conceive you have observed some very interesting details , thankyou for the post.

News
Guest

I conceive you have mentioned some very interesting points , thankyou for the post.

http://bestresearchpapers.net
Guest

You are a very bright individual!

5aswiss.com
Guest

Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem with your site in web explorer, might test this¡K IE still is the marketplace leader and a large portion of folks will omit your fantastic writing due to this problem.

News
Guest

I will immediately clutch your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly allow me recognize so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

automotive news
Guest

I¡¦ve read a few excellent stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much effort you put to create such a magnificent informative web site.

Home Improvement
Guest

Good – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task.

Zlece Pozycjonowanie Strony
Guest

I have recently started a site, the info you offer on this site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work.

Home Improvement
Guest

Enjoyed reading this, very good stuff, thankyou . “While thou livest keep a good tongue in thy head.” by William Shakespeare.

Zaun Polen
Guest

I like this post, enjoyed this one regards for posting. “The difference between stupidity and genius is that genius has its limits.” by Albert Einstein.

online shopping
Guest

Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch since I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

zgrzewarka do rur pp
Guest

Very interesting details you have observed , appreciate it for posting . “Without courage, wisdom bears no fruit.” by Baltasar Gracian.

Home Improvement
Guest

Simply a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw outstanding style .

www.crammonduk.com
Guest

I am very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

News
Guest

fantastic points altogether, you just received a new reader. What would you recommend in regards to your post that you just made some days ago? Any certain?

odziez robocza hurtownia
Guest

I got what you mean , appreciate it for putting up.Woh I am pleased to find this website through google. “If one does not know to which port one is sailing, no wind is favorable.” by Seneca.

FlightSites
Guest

Super-Duper blog! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more. I am taking your feeds also

WomenPerfume
Guest

You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

Garden Ideas
Guest

Whats Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It absolutely useful and it has aided me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & aid other users like its aided me. Good job.

PgaLeaderboard
Guest

Super-Duper site! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am bookmarking your feeds also

Home Improvement
Guest

I like this site very much, Its a real nice post to read and obtain info . “What is called genius is the abundance of life and health.” by Henry David Thoreau.

Home Improvement
Guest

You have brought up a very good points , thanks for the post.

NewHomes
Guest

Hello, you used to write excellent, but the last several posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a little out of track! come on!

InsuranceAdjuster
Guest

I take pleasure in, cause I found exactly what I was having a look for. You’ve ended my 4 day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

Buty Lanqier Jeans
Guest

Some genuinely nice and utilitarian info on this website, likewise I believe the style and design contains excellent features.

Health
Guest

I have not checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

MarketingSalary
Guest

Hello. Great job. I did not anticipate this. This is a remarkable story. Thanks!

HumanRights
Guest

Hey there, You’ve done an excellent job. I’ll definitely digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this web site.

Mustang Obuv
Guest

I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your web site?

Home Improvement
Guest

You have remarked very interesting details! ps nice website.

ip65
Guest

Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

villathalassa.com
Guest

Hello, you used to write wonderful, but the last several posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a bit out of track! come on!