Pis hadisələri unutmaq üçün spirtli içki içmək işə yarayırmı?

89

“‘İçki içməklə əlaqəli problem tam da budur !” deyə düşündüm,özümə bir içki daha süzərkən. Əgər pis bir şey baş verərsə, onu unutmaq üçün içərsən. Əgər yaxşı bir şey olarsa, qeyd etmək üçün içərsən.”

Charles Bukowski “Qadınlar” adlı kitabında içməyi belə təsvir edirdi.

Spirtli içki istehlakının ən populyar olan vaxtları, Bukowskinin də dediyi kimi, nəyisə qeyd edərkən və pis hadisələrdən sonrakı zamanlardır. Sonuncu daha maraqlıdır. Spirtli içki beynin fəaliyyətinə təsir etdiyinə görə, içən şəxs məntiqli düşünməkdə çətinlik çəkir, yaddaşı zəifləyir . Beləliklə, insan keçirdiyi pis hadisələri və ya daşıdığı pis xatirələrini zəiflətmiş olur . Ən azından teorik olaraq bu belə olmalıdır. Amma bu əsl səbəbdir?

Bu sahədə edilən araşdırmaların sayı çox çox olmadığı üçün, bu suala cavab verərkən diqqətli olmaq lazımdır. Çünki az sayda araşdırmanın göstərdiyinə görə, “unutmaq üçün içmək” davranışında gözlənilən nəticənin əldə edilməsi, içilən spirt miqdarıyla bağlıdır …

University College London-dan araşdırmaçıların 50 insan üzərində apardıqları araşdırmalarda, istifadə etdikləri spirt şkalasında 7 vahiddən çox içənlərin (hər hansı bir içkinin tipik bir vahidindən 4-5 stəkan və üzəri içənlərin) yaddaşlarında həqiqətən də bulanıqlaşma və pozulma tapıldı. Lakin bu sizi ümidləndirməsin! Biological Psychiatry jurnalında nəşr olunan araşdırma, “unutmaq üçün içmək” davranışının çox da işə yarayan olmadığını, çünki çox spirtli içki istehlak edən insanların, içlərində olduqları pis vəziyyətlərdə “ən pis ssenari” deyəcəyimiz şeylərə daha çox fokuslanırlar.

Bundan başqa, eyni şkalada 3-4 vahid civarında spirt istehlak edən (məsələn, gündə 1-2 stəkan şərab içən) insanlarda, təcavüz ya da ölümlü bir yol qəzası kimi travmatik hadisələrin daha şiddətli, dəqiq və acı verici bir şəkildə xatırlandığı görüldü. Eyni zamanda  gözlənildiyi kimi, spirt istehlakına aludə olan insanlarda travmatik hadisələr keçirmə ehtimalının artdığı və bunlar baş verdikdə , pis xatirələrin unudulmasının çətinləşdiyi də görüldü.

Austin’deki Texas Universiteti tərəfindən aparılan digər bir araşdırma da bu nəticələri dəstəkləyir. Normalda spirtli içki qəbul etmək “şüurlu yaddaş” olaraq bilinən səviyyədə pozuntulara səbəb olur. Bu səbəblə spirtli içki qəbul edən insanlar dostlarının adlarını, səhər maşını harda saxlandığını, müəyyən bir sözün mənasını xatırlamaqda çətinlik çəkir. Ancaq yaddaşımızın yeganə səviyyəsi “şüurlu” deyildir. “Şüursuz yaddaş” kimi tanınan aşağı səviyyəli yaddaş növü spirt qəbulundan müsbət təsirlənir.
Journal of Neuroscience’da nəşr olunan araşdırmada, öyrənmək prosesinin arxasındakı əsas faktor olan “sinaptik elastikliyin” (synaptic plasticity) spirtli içkilərin ana komponenti olan etalonun davamlı təkrar edən təsiri altında gücləndiyini ortaya qoyur. Spirt və ya narkotik istehlak edən insanlarda şüursuz yaddaş  təkcə bunları daha çox istehlak etməyə şərtləndirilmiş olmur, eyni zamanda şüursuz yaddaşın formalaşması gücləndiyi üçün istənməyən xatirələr və vərdişlər beyində daha güclü bir yer əldə etmiş olur. Araşdırmanın başındakı Hitoshi Morikawa belə söyləyir:

“Alkoqoliklər  spirtli içki içdikləri zaman əldə etdikləri zövqə və ya rahatlamağa asılı deyillər. Spirt sayəsində mühit, davranış, fizioloji qıcıqların təsiri altında ifraz olunan dopamin hormonuna qarşı asılıdırlar. Dopamin, çox vaxt xoşbəxtlik transmiteri olaraq tanınır. Ancaq bu heç də tam olaraq doğru deyil. Dopamin daha çox  öyrənmə transmiteridir . O anda aktiv olan sinapslar, dopamin varlığında güclənir. Bu da, spirtin mükafat olması kimi yanlış bir fikrin psixoloji olaraq yerləşməsinə səbəb olur. Yəni alkoqoliklər, alkoqolik olmağı öyrənmiş olurlar. ”

Morikawa’nın bu təsbiti, başqa bir gerçəyi də göz önünə sərir: bir şeyləri unutmaq üçün içərkən, içdiyiniz müddət ərzində o şeyləri xatırlamağa davam edirsiniz . Diqqətiniz o hadisədədir və içdikcə diqqətinizin yayınmasını gözləyirsiniz. Bu, qısa bir zaman aralığında bu işlə yaraya bilər, amma ümumilikdə baş verən şey isə dopaminin təsiri ilə o xatirələr şüursuz yaddaşda güclü bir şəkildə yerləşir. Yəni unutmaq üçün içdikcə, unutmamağı öyrənəcəksiniz.

Unudulmaması lazım olan kritik nöqtə odur ki, spirt heç bir problemin həlli deyil. Spirt istehlakı sizin problemlərinizdən heç birini həll edə bilməz. “Mən onsuz da həll etmək üçün yox , unutmaq üçün içirəm.” deyə bilərsiniz. Lakin təəssüf ki, bu göründüyü kimi , yanlış bir yanaşmadır. Əlbəttə ki, təkamülçü kimi bunu deyə bilmərəm və ya bunu edə bilmərik. Ancaq bizim üçün mövzunun arxasında olan mexanizmi bilmək vacibdir.

 

http://evrimagaci.org/photo/tr/kotu-olaylari-unutmak-icin-icki-icmek-sandiginizin-aksine-hatirlamaniza-yardimci-oluyor

 

 

Redaktə etdi: Şəfiqə Babayeva

89 ŞƏRH

  1. I just want to mention I am newbie to blogging and honestly loved you’re web page. Likely I’m want to bookmark your website . You surely have exceptional articles and reviews. Bless you for sharing with us your website page.

  2. I simply want to mention I am just beginner to blogs and honestly loved this web blog. More than likely I’m going to bookmark your website . You absolutely have terrific stories. Thanks for sharing your website page.

  3. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  4. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  5. I simply had to thank you so much once more. I do not know the things I would’ve taken care of in the absence of the type of aspects contributed by you relating to my field. This was a real frightful problem in my opinion, but taking note of this professional form you dealt with it took me to cry for contentment. Now i’m grateful for the guidance and thus pray you recognize what a great job that you are providing teaching others all through a site. Most likely you haven’t encountered all of us.

  6. I merely need to reveal to you that I am new to online blogging and really loved your review. Most likely I am going to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have great article content. Appreciate it for discussing with us your internet site webpage

  7. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  8. I truly appreciate this post. I’ve been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thank you again!

  9. I have learn a few just right stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how so much effort you set to make this kind of magnificent informative site.

  10. I am also commenting to make you know of the brilliant experience my wife’s daughter enjoyed viewing the blog. She discovered several details, which include what it’s like to possess an incredible giving style to make many more really easily gain knowledge of specific tortuous matters. You actually did more than our own expected results. I appreciate you for displaying these essential, trusted, edifying and also unique tips on the topic to Sandra.

  11. You are my inspiration, I own few web logs and infrequently run out from brand :). “‘Tis the most tender part of love, each other to forgive.” by John Sheffield.

  12. My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  13. You could certainly see your skills within the paintings you write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. At all times follow your heart. “Golf and sex are about the only things you can enjoy without being good at.” by Jimmy Demaret.

  14. Wow, incredible blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is magnificent, let alone the content!

  15. I’ve recently started a site, the info you provide on this website has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work. “Yield not to evils, but attack all the more boldly.” by Virgil.

  16. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read more things about it!

  17. I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thank you, I will try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your web site?

  18. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  19. Somebody essentially help to make significantly articles I might state. That is the very first time I frequented your web page and thus far? I amazed with the research you made to make this actual publish extraordinary. Great task!

  20. Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily wonderful possiblity to read critical reviews from this website. It is often so terrific and jam-packed with a great time for me personally and my office mates to search your website at the least three times in a week to see the newest secrets you will have. And definitely, I am certainly satisfied with your dazzling techniques served by you. Selected 1 points in this article are surely the most impressive we have all had.

  21. I do consider all of the ideas you have introduced on your post. They are really convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for beginners. May just you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  22. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  23. Faytech North America is a touch screen Manufacturer of both monitors and pcs. They specialize in the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of Capacitive touch screen, Resistive touch screen, Industrial touch screen, IP65 touch screen, touchscreen monitors and integrated touchscreen PCs. Contact them at http://www.faytech.us, 121 Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, +1 646 205 3214

  24. You actually make it seem really easy along with your presentation however I to find this matter to be really one thing which I believe I might by no means understand. It kind of feels too complex and extremely extensive for me. I am looking ahead to your next put up, I will try to get the cling of it!

  25. obviously like your website however you have to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I will certainly come again again.

  26. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours nowadays, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It¡¦s pretty price enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the web shall be much more useful than ever before.

  27. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  28. I really intend to advise you that I am new to online blogging and extremely valued your page. Likely I am going to bookmark your blog post . You literally have excellent article content. Be Thankful For it for giving out with us your current internet write-up

  29. I got what you intend, regards for posting .Woh I am lucky to find this website through google. “Being intelligent is not a felony, but most societies evaluate it as at least a misdemeanor.” by Lazarus Long.

  30. Gday here, just started to be conscious of your weblog through Yahoo and bing, and discovered that it’s very useful. I will be grateful for if you decide to maintain such.

  31. Thank you for some other informative blog. The place else may just I get that type of information written in such a perfect manner? I have a undertaking that I’m simply now working on, and I’ve been on the look out for such information.

  32. you are in point of fact a excellent webmaster. The website loading velocity is amazing. It seems that you are doing any unique trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a magnificent job on this subject!

  33. Hi there very nice blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds also¡KI am happy to find a lot of useful info right here in the post, we need work out more strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  34. Good – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  35. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or advice. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

  36. I was just searching for this info for some time. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

  37. I haven¡¦t checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I¡¦ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  38. I was just searching for this info for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this type of informative websites in top of the list. Normally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  39. What i don’t understood is in fact how you’re no longer really a lot more well-liked than you might be right now. You’re so intelligent. You already know therefore significantly with regards to this topic, produced me personally consider it from so many various angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be involved except it¡¦s something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. Always handle it up!

  40. Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue along with your website in web explorer, may test this… IE still is the market chief and a good part of folks will leave out your excellent writing because of this problem.

  41. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this site, as I experienced to reload the website many times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and can look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this again very soon..

  42. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  43. Hey, you used to write wonderful, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your super writings. Past several posts are just a bit out of track! come on!

  44. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

  45. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  46. You have noted very interesting points ! ps nice site. “Enemies, as well as lovers, come to resemble each other over a period of time.” by Sydney Harris.

  47. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I’m very glad to see such great info being shared freely out there.

  48. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your website is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you’ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across. What a great web-site.

  49. Great weblog right here! Also your website rather a lot up fast! What web host are you using? Can I am getting your affiliate hyperlink for your host? I desire my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  50. I wanted to draft you that very little note just to thank you as before on your lovely strategies you have documented on this page. It is really unbelievably open-handed of people like you to supply unreservedly all that numerous people would’ve offered for sale as an e book to end up making some dough for their own end, most importantly considering that you could have tried it if you decided. These suggestions likewise acted to become a fantastic way to be certain that many people have the same keenness really like my own to grasp way more when it comes to this matter. I know there are lots of more pleasant opportunities up front for individuals who scan your blog post.

CAVAB YAZ

Zəhmət olmasa şərhinizi daxil edin!
Zəhmət olmasa adınızı buraya daxil edin